An International Programme
France proposed to the Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) to implement a Coastal Area Management
Programme (CAMP) project in the coastal area of the Var department, which launched an active integrated coastal management policy in 2008. This proposal was part of the Working Framework Programme presented at the Sixteenth Meeting of held in Marrakech, from November 3 to 5, 2009.
The Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention and the French authorities have agreed to conduct a feasibility study for a CAMP project to include the Var department coastal area. The French Ministry in charge of the Environment (Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy), the General Council of the Var and PAP/RAC of MAP launched the feasibility study at a meeting held in Toulon, on February 3, 2011. The proposals and recommendations were subsequently presented at the feedback meeting of September 23, 2011.
The Agreement between the Government of the French Republic and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) / MAP concerning the CAMP Var (France) was signed on September 3, 2014.
Mr Gaetano Leone, UNEP/MAP Coordinator and Mr Xavier Sticker, French Ambassador for the Environnement
The Action plan for the implementation of the ICZM Protocol for the Mediterranean (2012‐2019) was
adopted at the Seventeenth Meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention held in Paris, from February 8 to 10, 2012. The purpose of the Action Plan was primarily to support the Parties in their ratification process of the Protocol by explaining what has led to the entry into force of the ICZM Protocol on March 24, 2011. The goal of supporting all the Parties in their transposition and implementation of the Protocol was also set. The CAMP Var, its results and lessons learned will therefore serve as an example of practical implementation of the ICZM Protocol for the Mediterranean.
At the national level, the National Marine and Coastal Strategy is being developed. The decree No. 2012‐219 of February 16, 2012, specifies the conditions for the development of this strategic document, as well as indications for the development of the related strategic shoreline documents. The national consultations in France are carried out at the level of the Maritime Shoreline Councils and of the National Council of Marine and Coastal Areas. At the 10th Maritime and Coastal Economy Congress, which was held on December 3, 2014, Mr. Manuel Valls, Prime Minister, announced that a debate would take place in the Parliament in 2015 to define the national maritime and coastal strategy. On January 14, 2015, a first discussion on French maritime policy was held in the National Assembly concluded by Mr. lain Vidal, Secretary of State for Transport, the Sea and Fishing. During parliamentarians’ interventions, importance was given to integrated coastal zone management and particular attention paid to regional/local projects.
The CAMP Var will focus on the establishment of a consultative body, being a place of mediation and governance at the local scale of the County, complementary to the Maritime Shoreline Council. This structure was conceived as a laboratory to stimulate a dynamic dialogue, the development of a governance mechanism and to highlight the successes and difficulties encountered in the implementation of integrated coastal zone management policies.
The distribution of powers between the state and its decentralised services, public institutions, local authorities and the combination between international conventions, European standards, national laws and local planning schemes can be complex. Coastal management is sometimes seen as a "legal and administrative mix" synonymous with difficult understanding of "who does what" or " who should do what". This echoes to the lag between an administrated and a lived territory.
The area of the project
The Var department covers an area of 5,973 km2 and has 432 km of the coastline of which 80 km account for ten islands and islets. 70 km are occupied by military establishments, 40 km are urban areas and ports, 92 km beaches and 230 km are rocky shores.
Its population is 967,000 inhabitants of which 554,197 living in the 27 coastal municipalities (between
Saint Cyr les Lecques and St. Raphael). This population has a strong summer variation since the Var department is the first French tourist department outside the Paris area and the marine area is subject o intense maritime activity.
On its coastal territory, the Var department includes a number of coastal and maritime planning structures and strategies, new or old, such as the National Park of Port‐Cros created in 1963, marine parts of three Territorial Coherence schemes (ScoTs) ‐ Provence Méditerranée Grimaud / Saint‐Tropez and Var East, as well as the Bay contract of the harbour of Toulon (2013‐2018).
Objectives and guidelines
The key objectives of the CAMP Var project are: to steer research and study of the project area; to
improve consistency of local policies; and to contribute to making the integrated management of coastal zones intelligible and accessible to relevant actors. To realise these objectives, the CAMP Var project proposes as follows:
- To establish a Sea & Coast Conference, first as an informal forum for meeting and mediation to facilitate communication between the different actors in the Var coastal area. This conference to be in charge for the coasts of Var is essential for the implementation of integrated management and improving the future development of the area.
- To carry out an administrative diagnosis of the Var coastal area. A study will be developed on the regulatory and institutional characteristics of different jurisdictions, structures and planning bodies in charge for the coast. The findings will help have a clear state‐of‐the‐art, so as to propose ways of uilding synergies and to encourage a more efficient and consistent development.
- To actively involve, from the very beginning, the civil society in order to facilitate the CAMP projectimplementation. Further, it will be necessary to develop practical and informative tools, promoting afree access to coast and sea.
- To support "laboratory" initiatives at the scale of micro‐territories, for example, on the Iles d’Or
where the activity on "cohabitation on an archipelago" and "development of a sustainable way of life" has already been launched. Participatory processes in which inhabitants and users of the coasts and the sea will be included, will help better know the coast they are living on. Participatory approaches will eventually include subjective mapping and prospective scenarios building, to ensure long‐term public participation.
- To serve as an interface between international and local initiatives, build bridges between global thinking (the implementation of the ICZM Protocol, adaptation to Climate variability and change, CAMPs networking and alike) and local practice.
"GREEN" project management
CAMP Var actors committed to "think green" throughout the project activities and will seek to make decisions taking into account their environmental impacts. The aim is to include "green thinking" in the management process of each project activity through the development of techniques and promotion of ecological systems, e.g. addressing the issue of rising transport emissions and excessive consumption of paper (paperless system to apply to communication, meetings and alike).
Organization and structure of the project
The National Project Co-ordinator is responsible for the general supervision of all project activities at local, national and international levels, and those implemented by national participants in cooperation with UNEP/MAP. He will work closely with PAP/RAC’s Co-ordinator of the CAMP France (Var) and with the French PAP/RAC Focal Point, the Director of the European and International Delegation of Conservatoire du Littoral. For part of its contribution to the project, the Conservatoire provides an office for the National Co-ordinator. The Steering Committee, including members of the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, the General Council of the Var, the Water Agency Rhône Méditerranée Corse, the Conservatoire du Littoral and PAP/RAC of UNEP/MAP will be responsible for the overall supervision of the Project.